Zoology and Ecology journal

Aims and scope

Zoology and Ecology (formerly known as Acta Zoologica Lituanica) publishes original scientific research papers, reviews and short communications dealing with animal ecology and all aspects of zoology presented within an ecological context (including, but not limited to behavior, morphology, physiology, systematics, and biogeography). There is no bias regarding taxon or type of natural ecosystem. Geographically, priority is given to studies conducted in Baltic countries and Eastern Europe, but relevant studies from all regions are welcome. Papers concerning man-made (e.g. agricultural) ecosystems can be considered as long as there are demonstrable ramifications for natural environments.

Publication and downloading of articles are free of charge.

Fields covered: Animal Behavior; Animal Ecology; Animal Physiology; Biodiversity; Environment & Ecosystem Services; Habitat Interactions; Invertebrates; Natural History - Evolution and Adaptation; Vertebrates; Zoology.

Journal information

Peer-reviewed papers that are accepted for publication in Zoology and Ecology progressively appear online prior to their compilation into two issues in digital and hard copy formats during June and December each year.

Print ISSN: 2165-8005 Online ISSN: 2165-8013

SCImago Journal & Country Rank


Nature Research Centre makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of all the information (the "Content") contained in our publications. However, Nature Research Centre, its agents, and its licensors make no representations or warranties whatsoever as to the accuracy, completeness, or suitability for any purpose of the Content. Any opinions and views expressed in this publication are the opinions and views of the authors and are not the views of or endorsed by Nature Research Centre. The accuracy of the Content should not be relied upon and should be independently verified with primary sources of information. Nature Research Centre shall not be liable for any losses, actions, claims, proceedings, demands, costs, expenses, damages, and other liabilities whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with, in relation to, or arising out of the use of the Content.

Publication history

Currently known as:

Zoology and Ecology        (2012 - current)

Formerly known as:

Acta Zoologica Lituanica    (1989 - 2011)

The language of the journal is English (U. K.). Manuscripts submitted to Zoology and Ecology should be written in accordance with the Information to authors.

Indexed in: Academic Search Complete, AgBiotechNet, Agricultural Economics Database, Agroforestry Abstracts, Animal Breeding Abstracts, Animal Science Database, Biocontrol News and Information, Biological Abstracts, BIOSIS Previews, Crop Science Database, Current Abstracts, Energy & Power Source, Environmental Impact, Field Crop Abstracts, Forest Science Database, Forestry Abstracts, Global Health, Grasslands and Forage Abstracts, Helminthological Abstracts, Horticultural Science Database, Irrigation and Drainage Abstracts, Nematological Abstracts, Nutrition Abstracts and Reviews Series B: Livestock Feeds and Feeding, Nutrition and Food Sciences Database, Organic Research Database, Ornamental Horticulture, Parasitology Database, Plant Breeding Abstracts, Plant Genetics and Breeding Database, Potato Abstracts, Poultry Abstracts, Protozoological Abstracts, Review of Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Rural Development Abstracts, Scopus, Seed Abstracts, Soil Science Database, Soils and Fertilizers, TropAg & Rural, Tropical Diseases Bulletin, Veterinary Science Database, Weed Abstracts, Wildlife & Ecology Studies Worldwide, Wildlife Review Abstracts, World Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology Abstracts, Zoological Record Online

Open Access to this edition on the Internet (online) is free and noncommercial by address: http://www.gamtostyrimai.lt/en/publicationd/listingCategory/category.1020. ISSN code of print-version is 2165-8005; of electronic version e-ISSN code is 2165813.


Dr. Denis Copilaș-Ciocianu

E-mail: denis.copilas-ciocianu@gamtc.lt


Managing Editor

Dr. Eglė Šidagytė-Copilas

E-mail: egle.sidagyte@gamtc.lt


SJG Scimago Journal and Country Rank : www.scimagojr.com

There are no article processing charges for publishing in Zoology and Ecology. Accepted papers are freely available online.

Open Access to the online edition is free and noncommercial by address: http://www.gamtostyrimai.lt/en/publicationd/listingCategory/category.1020.

ISSN code of print-version is 2165-8005; of electronic version e-ISSN code is 2165-8013.


Zoology and Ecology publishes RESEARCH ARTICLES (up to 20 typed pages, including illustrations and references), REVIEWS (up to 10 pages) and SHORT COMMUNICATIONS (up to 5 pages, maximum of 2 figures and 2 tables). The language is English (U.K.).

Copyright ©. Upon manuscript acceptance, the authors are asked to complete a copyright transfer agreement whereby the copyright of their article is transferred to Zoology and Ecology and the Nature Research Centre.




Manuscripts are submitted by filling the online submission form (https://zoologyandecology.gamtc.lt/en/new-order). Submission should be accompanied by a cover letter in which the author(s) must declare that the manuscript and its illustrations are original, have not been published previously and are not being currently considered for publication elsewhere. The cover letter should also include the names, positions, affiliations and contact details for three (3) independent referees with whom the authors have not collaborated in the past three years and who are not employees of the authors’ institution(s). The cover letter can be uploaded as a supplement in the online manuscript submission form.



All research articles, short communications and review manuscripts should be arranged as follows:

Cover page containing:

1. Title (short but informative preferably not exceeding 100 characters).

2. First name (in full) and surname of the author(s).

3. Affiliation and institutional address of the author(s), e-mail (preferably institutional) of each author.

4. Abstract (up to 250 words) covering the rationale or need for the investigation, the main hypothesis, methods, key results, the main conclusion and its implications. Each of these 5 elements should not require more than 1-2 sentences, but all should be present.

5. Keywords (minimum of 5, maximum of 8). Preferably they should not appear in the title.


For Research Articles the main manuscript text should be structured by subdivision into Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion (or Results and Discussion), Acknowledgements (including funding sources), and References (as per the specified journal style description and examples). Short Communications should have a brief Introduction, and the Methods and Results can be combined; Reviews will comprise an Introduction, Discussion and Conclusion.


In the main text of full research articles, no more than four unnumbered heading levels should be used with text commencing from the left margin.


SI units should be used throughout, with their standard symbols.



The manuscript should be typed using Times New Roman, 12 pt on A4 size sheet (type area 18×24 cm), 1.5-spaced with default blank spaces on the margins, and lines continuously numbered.


Referencing style

Citations: All citations in the text should refer to:

1. Single author: the author's name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication;

2. Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication;

3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed by 'et al.' and the year of publication.

Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references can be listed either first alphabetically, then chronologically, or vice versa.

Examples: 'as demonstrated (Johansson, 2000a, 2000b, 1999; Johnsson and Peterson, 1999) ... Or, as demonstrated (Peterson, 1999; Johnansson, 2000) … Kublick et al. (2010) have recently shown …'


Reference list

References are given under the author’s or editor’s surname; titles of magazines and publications should be unabbreviated. References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication. Only published papers are to be included in the reference list. The publisher should be mentioned for books.


1. Reference to a journal publication

a. One author … Belkin, I. M. 2009. Rapid warming of Large Marine Ecosystems. Progress in Oceanography 81, 207–213. https://doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2009.04.011

b. Two authors … Jones, M. C. and W. W. Cheung. 2018. Using fuzzy logic to determine the vulnerability of marine species to climate change. Global Change Biology 24, e719-e731. Doi:10.1111/gcb.13869

c. Multiple authors … Chin, A., P. M. Kyne, T. I. Walker and R. B. McAuley. 2010. An integrated risk assessment for climate change: analysing the vulnerability of sharks and rays on Australia’s Great Barrier Reef. Global Change Biology 16, 1936–1953. https://doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02128.x

2. Reference to a book: Odum, E. P. and G. W. Barrett. 2009. Fundamentals of Ecology, 5th edition. Cengage Learning: Australia. 598 pp.

3. Reference to a chapter in an edited book: Gibbons, J.W., J.L. Greene, and J. Congdon. 1990. “Chapter 16. Temporal and Spatial Movement Patterns of Sliders and Other Turtles.” In Whitfield Gibbons J. (Ed.), Life History and Ecology of the Slider Turtle. Smithsonian Institution Press: Washington, pp. 201 –215

4. Reference to a website: Rodriguez, B. and W. Pineda. 2015. Ectophylla alba. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T7030A22027138. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T7030A22027138.en. (downloaded on 09 September 2019) or

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 2015. Ectophylla alba.

https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/7030/22027138 (accessed on 09 September 2019).

5. Reference to a dataset: [dataset] Oguro, M., S. Imahiro, S. Saito, and T. Nakashizuka. 2015. Mortality data for Japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions. Mendeley Data, v1. https://doi.org/10.17632/xwj98nb39r.1.

6. References in non-Latin alphabets (e.g. Cyrillic) should be transliterated into the Latin alphabet; the original language of the reference should be indicated in square brackets as follows: [In Russian]. References in the Latin alphabet can be optionally translated into English.



The submitted manuscript will be subject to an external review. The reviewed manuscript, as a rule, is e-mailed back to the corresponding author for revision and corrections. Reviewers remain anonymous to the authors, unless they wish to be identified. Some papers received will be rejected without proceeding to review; grounds for rejection upon receipt may include that the paper is outside the stated scope of the journal; that the work is confined to a data report or a report of only local interest; or that the paper lacks a key element such as in its integration with the current literature about the subject, data analysis is absent or is inappropriate for the stated objectives, or the paper fails to discuss the results and their implications in the context of existing information about the topic. Moreover, papers focusing solely on taxonomic classification and species inventory in the absence of analysis of environmental and habitat factors, and those concerned with man-made e.g. agriculture systems will be excluded. Papers will also be rejected if there is excessive self-citation, or a lack of originality.



Author(s) of the accepted manuscript should submit the final (revised) version as MS WORD files; all graphic elements and photos should be stored as separate files, optionally in JPEG, TIFF, PDF or EPS format.


The accepted article is sent as a PDF file to the corresponding author for proofreading. Additions and changes, except small corrections and spelling mistakes, are not allowed in the proof. After proofreading, the final version of the article must be sent to Zoology and Ecology together with a scanned transfer of copyright signed by the corresponding author.


Accepted articles are published online and are available as Open Access on the website of the Nature Research Centre. The author(s) of the article receive at least one printed copy of that journal issue free of charge.


Links to supporting Online Material (figures, tables, references, videos, etc.) can be appended to published articles (available only in the online version of the journal).


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