Ahamed F., Ahmed Z. F., Ohtomi J.

Seasonal variations in the population biology of Salmostoma bacaila (Cyprinidae) from a tributary of the Payra River, Bangladesh

Abstract Some biological parameters of Salmostoma bacaila – including sex ratio, length-frequency distributions (LFDs), size at sexual maturity, spawning season, length-weight relationships (LWRs) and condition factor – were studied. Samples were collected seasonally during June 2017 to May 2018 from a tributary of the Payra River. The overall sex ratio was significantly different from the expected value of 1:1 (p < 0.001), in favour of male specimens. Females were significantly larger than males. Size at sexual maturity was estimated at 7.6~7.7 cm total length. Seasonal variations in the gonadosomatic index (GSI) indicate that the main spawning season is from spring to summer. The LWRs showed negative allometric growth in both sexes, but with clear seasonal variation. Fulton’s condition factor varied in both sexes and was attributed to variations in GSI with maturity. The fin­dings of this study will be helpful for management and conservation of S. bacaila populations.

Doi https://doi.org/10.35513/21658005.2019.2.7

Keywords Salmostoma bacaila; sex ratio; length-frequency distribution; sexual maturity; spawning season; length-weight relationship; condition factor

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